Cologne Triumvirate - Peasant
The peasant (Cologne dialect: Buur),
addressed as “Seine Deftigkeit” (His Heftiness), symbolises the strength of the former Imperial City of Cologne. He refers back to a historical figure and thus also stands in particular for the liberation of Cologne from the power of the Archbishops in the battle of Worringen. As a defender of the city, he also bears the city key on his belt, which he receives from the Lord Mayor of Cologne during the proclamation.
Furthermore, the Peasant carries a flail in his left hand. On his powerful hat, he wears 125 peacock feathers that represent the immortality of the city of Cologne. The figure refers to Cologne’s imperial status in the early modern period and extends far back into the history of the city. Both the Peasant and the Maiden became fixed elements in the Carnival in the 1870s.
The Cologne triumvirate
is provided by the Carnival associations that are subject to the Cologne Festival Committee, and is usually composed of members of a single company. When submitting their applications, special consideration is given to companies that celebrate an anniversary in the respective year. Every year a new triumvirate is appointed for the Carnival. The Street Carnival opens at 11.11 on “Weiberfastnacht” on the Alten Markt (Old Market) and now on the Heumarkt in Cologne. The triumvirate is accompanied during the processions and on the Rose Monday parade by the Prinzen-Garde Köln 1906 e.V. (the guards for the Carnival Prince) and by the EhrenGarde der Stadt Köln 1902 e.V. (the guards for the Cologne peasant and the Cologne maiden).